The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular popular dog breeds in the world. However, only a small proportion of the Golden Retriever population is actively used in breeding, and, therefore, the Golden Retriever breeders and enthusiasts are now interested in learning more about the genetic diversity in this breed. The estimations based on pedigrees (coefficient of inbreeding) don't necessarily reflect the genetic situation of the breed. A more detailed overview can be obtained by making use of DNA information.
The Samoyed takes its name from the Samoyedic people, an Asiatic group of nomadic origins living in Siberia. These reindeer herders bred the fluffy white dogs to help with the herding, and to pull sleds when they moved. In Europe, the breed is known also as Bjelkier. In Russian, the dogs are called Voinaika which means lead or direction dog or guard, hunting and war dog.